Vehicle Payload


Vehicle Payload

Toyota vehicles have a reputation for delivering outstanding quality, durability and reliability (QDR).

There are many ways Toyota owners can take care of their vehicles to help ensure that this reputation is maintained.
One of those ways is by getting to know your vehicle's weight limitations. By being aware of your Toyota's weight limitations and working within its limits, you can help ensure that your vehicle delivers its best possible performance.

What is Vehicle Payload?

Vehicle Payload is equal to the Gross Vehicle Mass less the weight of the vehicle. The weights of all vehicle occupants are considered to be part of a vehicle's payload. Every Toyota has a different payload, so getting to know your individual unique vehicle's payload configuration is important

  • it will help to ensure your vehicle performs at its best.

Vehicle payload considerations

There are a number of factors which can affect the available payload capacity of your vehicle. It's important to take these into consideration to ensure that you're working within your vehicle's weight limitations. Some factors which impact a vehicle's payload include, but are not limited to:

  • Passengers
  • Accessories
  • Cargo
  • Modifications (Body Building)
  • Distribution of the above payload across the vehicles axles

Each Toyota vehicle has a maximum mass, referred to as "Gross Vehicle Mass" and maximum individual axle load, referred to as "Axle Capacity", that it can carry. It's important that you know the Gross Vehicle Mass and individual Axle Capacities of your Toyota. That way, you can be confident that your vehicle is not carrying more than is permitted. This is an important part of keeping your vehicle in good working order.

Where to find vehicle weight limit information

Information about your vehicle's weight limits can be found within your vehicles Owner's Manual. Additional assistance can be obtained by consulting your local Toyota dealer. To ensure that your Toyota is not exceeding its Gross Vehicle Mass or individual Axle Capacity, you may also consider visiting a public weighbridge to weigh your vehicle in its usual unique configuration.


Axle Capacity: The maximum laden mass of an individual axle as specified by the manufacturer.

Gross Combined Mass (GCM): is the total permissible combined weight of the vehicle and trailer/caravan being towed including occupants, fuel & cargo.

Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM): is the total permissible combined weight of the vehicle, including occupants, fuel and cargo.

Kerb Mass (or Kerb Weight): is the mass of the vehicle in running order unoccupied and unladen with all fluid reservoirs filled to nominal capacity, including fuel and with all standard equipment.

Payload: is the difference between 'GVM' of the vehicle and its 'Kerb Mass'.

Tare Mass: is the mass of a vehicle (other than L-group vehicles, such as mopeds, motorcycles and motor tricycles) ready for service unoccupied and unladen with all fluid reservoirs filled to nominal capacity, except for fuel, which shall be ten litres only and with all standard equipment and any options fitted.