Glossary

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'A' Pillar

The windscreen pillar that runs from the roof down to the floor of the vehicle.

ABS

Anti-skid (or Anti-lock) Brake System is a computer controlled braking system that automatically prevents the wheels from locking up during sudden braking.

'B' Pillar

The 'B' pillar is the part of the vehicle structure between the front and rear doors.

Change-Over Figure

This is the actual cash amount which you have to outlay, after you have sold or traded-in your current vehicle, to purchase your new vehicle. Remember to take into account your on-road costs.

Chassis Number

Sometimes called the frame number, the chassis number is usually the same as the last eight digits of the vehicle identification number (VIN) and is also a unique identifier

Compliance Plate

The plate attached to the firewall (on most vehicles) which states the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN), the build date and model type.

Compulsory Third Party Insurance

As the name indicates this form of insurance is compulsory and you must take it out before you can register a vehicle. This insurance does not cover you, but covers 'the other' person's property should you cause an accident.

Contract

A Sales Contract is a legally binding contract where you agree to buy a particular vehicle for a specific price. So read the fine print and don't sign it until you are sure of every detail

Depreciation

The devaluation of a vehicle over a period of time.

DOHC (Double Overhead Camshafts)

This means an engine has two cam shafts, which are components of the valve train. The valve train opens and closes valves to allow fuel and air to enter the engine more efficiently.

Drag Co-efficient

A numerical value representing the magnitude of the aerodynamic drag that works against the forward movement of the vehicle.

DVVT (Dynamic Variable Valve Timing)

A system that adjusts the timing of the opening and closing of the intake and exhaust valves, as well as the degree of valve opening, in response to engine rpm. This helps stabilize engine output and idling. By varying the intake valve timing according to driving conditions fuel consumption and emissions are minimised, while realising high power output for sparking acceleration and driving performance.

GST

The Government's Goods and Services Tax is a tax of 10% which is added to the price of most goods (including cars) and services (such as insurance).

Independent Front Suspension (IFS)

Suspension in which each of the front wheels is supported by a separate arm, with the arms being indirectly connected to the body via the springs. Independent suspension achieves a more comfortable ride as the movements of one wheel does not affect the opposite wheel.

Lease

A Finance Lease is a rental agreement for a single vehicle. It is only available to customers who intend to use the vehicle predominately for investment or Business. The residual value is borne by the lessee. The lessee indemnifies lessor for any shortfall between the sale price of the vehicle and the residual value on expiry of the lease.

LED

Light Emitting Diode, semi-conductive material that emits light when stimulated.

Odometer

The odometer is built into the speedometer dial and shows the total distance travelled by the vehicle since its date of manufacture. Unlike the trip meter, the odometer cannot be reset to zero.

On-Road Costs

These are costs, usually additional to the advertised price of a vehicle, which include Government Statutory Charges (such as Stamp Duty, Registration and Third Party Insurance) and dealer delivery charges which may vary from dealer to dealer.

Owner's Manual

This manual is supplied with a new vehicle and explains how various features of the vehicle operate. It also contains useful information on driving tips, and specifications of the vehicle.

Petrol (engine)

In this type of engine, air and petrol are mixed together, then sent to each cylinder, where an electric spark from a spark plug causes the mixture to ignite and explode. This drives the piston downward, rotating the crankshaft, which in turn rotates the wheels of the vehicle.

Residual

An agreed lump sum still owed on the vehicle at the end of the lease or finance plan.

REVS

The Register of Encumbered or Vehicle Securities Registrar (VSR) in Victoria, will reveal if the current owner has any money owing on the car. If they do, and you buy the car, it can be legally repossessed even after you have bought it.

REVS Check

A check of the Register of Encumbered Vehicles to ensure that a vehicle's previous owner does not have any further money owing on the vehicle.

Tachometer

a gauge showing engine speed, i.e. the engine RPM or the number of revolutions made by the engine crank shaft each minute.

Torque

Torque is the force that causes an object to rotate. In vehicles, it refers to the rotational force generated by the engine - in other words, the pulling power.

Trade-In

When a car dealer incorporates the value of your current vehicle into the price of your new vehicle - to give you the actual 'change-over' price.

Trip Computer

A computer that provides instantaneous fuel economy read-out plus average fuel economy, fuel used in a trip, average speed and other information.

Twin Cam

This means an engine has two cam shafts, which are components of the valve train. The valve train opens and closes valves to allow fuel and air to enter the engine more efficiently.

Vehicle ID

The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) is unique to your vehicle and can generally be found on the manufacturer's plate under the bonnet on most Daihatsu vehicles.

VSR

The Vehicle Securities Registrar in Victoria, or REVS in other states, will reveal if the current owner has any money owing on the car. If they do, and you buy the car, it can be legally repossessed even after you have bought it.